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A Genealogical Goldmine:

The Ships and Seafarer's CD from the Memorial University of Newfoundland http://www.mun.ca/mha/

The NEHGS review of this CD is located in the July 1999 New England Historical and Genealogical Register book review section pp. 370-372 by George Freeman Sanborn Jr., F.A.S.G. :

"Ships and Seafarer's of Atlantic Canada" (St John's, NF: Maritime History Archive and the Maritime Studies Research Unit, Memorial University of Newfoundland, 1998. One compact disk, $49.95 [Canadian funds]; Canadian residents please add 15% HST for a total of $57.44. Shipping and handling additional.). Order from The Secretary, Maritime History Archive, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St John's, NF CANADA A1C5S7. "

George Sanborn's review notes that "... producers modestly sub-title this disk, 'Data on the vessels, captains and crews of Atlantic Canada, 1787-1936 - an Interactive CD.' " . He goes on to quote statistics for the numbers of records and information by type. He also uses such adjectives as "amazing", "staggering" and "voluminous" as well as phrases like "exceptionally well-done resource", "hard-to-find and seldom-used records" and "helpful CD".

This review prompted me to order the CD as a demonstration with lookups at the October 1999 "Boston States Migration and Genealogy Fair". Despite the glowing terms and statistics in the review, this CD is much more. It is a world-wide genealogy and migration resource!

While this article is fairly long, it is still the tip of the iceberg. The Memorial University link for the Atlantic Canada Shipping Project (source of the databases compiled in this CD) describes the amount of shipping industry analysis from this project as "six volumes of proceedings and numerous research papers" and "A final monograph ... "at http://www.mun.ca/mha/acsp.html . Volumes could also be written about the CD from a genealogy standpoint.

As it turned out at the Boston States Fair, we were overly ambitious about exactly how much we could cover and orchestrate for a one-day program covering several centuries of migration topics in the 13 states and provinces of the "Boston States" region for our 150 attendees. Lookups on this CD involve several searches and time-consuming cross-references. It also takes a while to get familiar with the actual contents, scope and usage.

It is, however, well-worth the investment in time and money. Not sure you have a mariner in the Atlantic Provinces to be concerned about? Most of the CD data concerns individuals from other parts of the world - not just the Atlantic Provinces or Canada. Many mariners had multiple occupations - including simply signing on as a hand on a vessel to get someplace else!

George Sanborn's review did note some usage limitations for cross-referencing information from the various databases on the CD. It is a long, tedious process to exhaust all possible lookup angles. However, after many hours of exploring the information on the CD, I now see that the sheer magnitude of the data and cross-reference possibilities would have been a daunting application development task. It is just as fascinating as tedious. Direct cross-references in the databases are possible from several different angles. Vessel registration numbers, master mariner certificates of competency and voyage numbers are linked to crew lists, managing owners, owners and ports visited via the CD database software. These more obvious relationships are dwarfed by the clues and implications of business transactions, location and time proximity, as well as the sheer magnitude of birthplace, age, occupation and residence data.

Manual lookups and assessments to advise any particular researcher about the CD data for their interests is a also daunting task. There are, however, thousands of researchers who have no idea that this CD contains information of interest and value to them.

In recent months, I have fulfilled dozens of lookup requests and have dozens still waiting. In most cases, it takes 2-4 hours to sort through the databases to produce just a thumbnail sketch of what is likely to be of interest based on the contents of the specific lookup request. It is rare that I do not find anything related to the request. In most cases, I recommend that the requestor buy the CD to get the full benefit of all the data and clues available. With lots of genealogy resources on everyone's wish list, it is a great help to have a good idea of what resources will be the best investment.

Even conflicting data, such as multiple spellings, birthplaces, residences and certificates of competency, as well as missing data provides invaluable clues. It is possible to follow threads of information for locations, voyages and ship owners that have some association with a researcher's area of interest. There are patterns that suggest where to look for other resources, even if the specific information sought is not available on the CD.

In the course of doing so many requests and following so many threads in a maze of mariner business relationships, as well as missing or conflicting data, I noticed many patterns. Some were a complete surprise. Other patterns are reflections of the types of issues found in many genealogy resources. It then seemed that making the information on these larger patterns available could reach a greater number of people and help them decide whether it was a worthwhile investment for their research.

A few weeks ago, I began working with John Mitchell, an expert in database analysis and usage issues. We did some analysis to test my anecdotal observations against actual statistics to provide a better picture of the value of the Ships and Seafarer's CD.

Some of these statistics and observations are listed below.

 

 

This CD is a world-wide migration resource.

There is a great misunderstanding about the coverage of this CD. Many people are under the impression that it is limited to Newfoundland or Atlantic Province mariners simply because of the brief description in the CD title. In fact, the Atlantic Province ports were a critical hub in the world trade patterns for the 1787-1936 time period covered by the CD.

The Atlantic Province ports crewmember database lists 67 different countries or geographic regions of birth for the mariners on these voyages. The number of regions or countries mentioned in all databases on the CD is about twice that number.

 

 

Location, Location, Location ...

 

There are a total of approximately 1.7 million locations specified for crew and master birthplaces; master, owner and managing owner residences; where ships were built, previously registered or subsequently sold; and voyage ports of call. The following per country breakdown shows how many records contain information for that country or regional designation. There are some obvious ambiguities or errors in the country field categorization, as well as differences in what was specified in the original records as opposed to current country borders, but they occur in the smaller statistics:

Country/Region

Count of records referencing these geographic areas

Africa

3492

Argentina

5972

Asia

11

Atlantic Ocean

1888

Australia

7855

Austro-Hungary

1664

BAHIA DE PE

35

Baker Island

3

Baltic States

363

Belgium

28688

Bermuda

2552

Black Sea

64

Bolivia

10

Brazil

8453

British Guiana

926

British Guyanna

23

British Honduras

173

Bulgaria

50

Burma

1185

Canada

266217

Caribbean Sea

82

Central America

4

Ceylon (Sri Lanka)

767

Chile

4813

China

1244

China Sea

27

Columbia

158

Costa Rica

153

Cyprus

28

Denmark

5777

DIGBY CO.NS

46

Dutch Guiana

37

EAST COAST

16

Ecuador

125

EGYPT

1

El Salvador

14

ENGLAND

139

Europe

310

Falkland Islands

167

Fiji

2

Finland

6684

Foreign (Unknown)

1324

France

30848

French Guiana

6

Germany

29462

Gibraltar

1443

Great Britain

508811

Greece

1942

Guam

3

Guatemala

20

Honduras

30

Hong Kong

1215

Iceland

36

India

9092

Indian Ocean

180

Indonesia & Malaya

1743

Ireland

56028

ISLE OF WIGHT

7

Israel

37

Italy

7648

JAMAICA

30

Japan

1081

JAVA

245

Java Sea

6

Kenya

9

Korea

7

Lebanon

102

Liberia

81

LOUIS HEAD

1

LOUIS HEAD NS

10

LOUISIANA

29

Madagascar

18

Malden Island

3

Malta

1628

MARTINIQUE

33

Mediterranean Sea

183

Mexico

543

Middle East

651

Monaco

11

Mozambique

128

N'CARAGU

12

Netherlands

17430

New Caledonia

2

New Hebrides

1

New Zealand

1324

NICARA

10

Nicaragua

31

North America

856

Norway

13795

PACIFIC

1

Pacific Ocean

90

Panama

571

Peru

3835

Philippines

1451

Poland

2214

Portugal

3706

PUERTO RICO

1

QUEBEC

34

Rumania

899

Russia

5914

Samoa

4

Seychelles

16

South Africa

3310

South America

155

Spain

8835

SUMATRA

11

Sweden

17410

Switzerland

168

Syria

6

Tahiti

34

Tasman Sea

6

Thailand

40

Turkey

1364

Uruguay

3075

USA

156111

Venezuela

56

Vietnam

89

WALES

18

West Indies

12754

White Sea

35

Yugoslavia

659

 

The top 100 unique locations mentioned across the entire CD in location groups (with totals of over 5000 unique location entries) are as follows. You will note that some towns/ports are coded with country names and that there are other record or transcription irregularities, but this top 100, is very telling:

Town/Port

Country/Area

Region

County

Record Count

LIVERPOOL

Great Britain

England

152003

LONDON

Great Britain

England

70365

NEW YORK CITY

USA

New York

65149

GLASGOW

Great Britain

Scotland & islands

38654

SAINT JOHN

Canada

New Brunswick

St. John Co

38423

CARDIFF

Great Britain

Wales

28152

ANTWERP

Belgium

27367

YARMOUTH

Canada

Nova Scotia

Yarmouth Co

24788

PHILADELPHIA

USA

Pennsylvania

21185

HALIFAX

Canada

Nova Scotia

Halifax Co

20709

SWEDEN

Sweden

13571

DUBLIN

Ireland

12965

HAVRE

France

12498

NORWAY

Norway

12248

ST JOHNS NFLD

Canada

Newfoundland

11903

SOUTH SHIELDS

Great Britain

England

10912

BOSTON

USA

Massachusetts

10731

HULL

Great Britain

England

10719

BALTIMORE

USA

Maryland

10562

HAMBURG

Germany

10296

BELFAST

Ireland

10222

BRISTOL

Great Britain

England

10029

NORTH SHIELDS

Great Britain

England

9827

GERMANY

Germany

9577

ROTTERDAM

Netherlands

9401

SAINT JOHN

Canada

New Brunswick

John Co

9168

NEWPORT

Great Britain

England

8925

SUNDERLAND

Great Britain

England

8666

GREENOCK

Great Britain

Scotland & islands

7846

QUEBEC CITY

Canada

Quebec

7729

NEW ORLEANS

USA

Louisiana

7552

ENGLAND

Great Britain

England

7086

PENARTH

Great Britain

Wales

6288

BARRY WALES

Great Britain

Wales

6255

BREMERHAVEN

Germany

6149

WINDSOR

Canada

Nova Scotia

Hant's Co

6023

FINLAND

Finland

5912

NEWCASTLE

Great Britain

England

5636

RIO DE JANIERO

Brazil

5534

CORK

Ireland

5088

WEST HARTLEPOOL

Great Britain

England

5084

DUNKIRK

France

5062

SWANSEA

Great Britain

Wales

4500

UNITED STATES

USA

US coast

Hawaii

4467

MONTREAL

Canada

Quebec

4462

LEITH

Great Britain

Scotland & islands

4386

BUENOS AIRES

Argentina

4235

MIDDLESBROUGH

Great Britain

England

4230

AMSTERDAM

Netherlands

4205

PICTOU

Canada

Nova Scotia

Pictou Co

4164

CALCUTTA

India

4036

DUNDEE

Great Britain

Scotland & islands

3852

PLYMOUTH

Great Britain

England

3726

DENMARK

Denmark

3659

IRELAND

Ireland

3602

SAVANNAH

USA

Georgia

3550

SAN FRANCISCO

USA

California

3538

PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND

Canada

Prince Edward Island

3475

CHARLOTTETOWN PEI

Canada

Prince Edward Island

Queens Co

3437

SCOTLAND

Great Britain

Scotland & islands

3354

BARRINGTON

Canada

Nova Scotia

Shelburne Co

3249

CALLAO

Peru

3204

SYDNEY

Canada

Nova Scotia

Cape Breton Co

3198

SHETLANDS

Great Britain

Scotland & islands

3176

ABERDEEN

Great Britain

Scotland & islands

3117

LONDONDERRY

Ireland

3051

QUEENSTOWN

Ireland

3036

MONTEVIDEO

Uruguay

3023

BORDEAUX

France

2991

WATERFORD

Ireland

2958

BOMBAY

India

2928

FRANCE

France

2822

GLOUCESTER

Great Britain

England

2811

CHARLESTON

USA

South Carolina

2672

BLYTHE

Great Britain

England

2611

MELBOURNE

Australia

2588

ARDROSSAN

Great Britain

Scotland & islands

2585

PENSACOLA

USA

Florida

2523

FLEETWOOD

Great Britain

England

2356

MANCHESTER

Great Britain

England

2344

CORNWALLIS

Canada

Nova Scotia

Annapolis Co

2307

NORFOLK

USA

Virginia

2266

HANTSPORT

Canada

Nova Scotia

Hant's Co

2161

NOVA SCOTIA

Canada

Nova Scotia

2144

LIMERICK

Ireland

2138

SOUTHAMPTON

Great Britain

England

2121

BARROW

Great Britain

England

2047

NEWFOUNDLAND

Canada

Newfoundland

2023

NEWCASTLE AUSTRALIA

Australia

1990

SHELBURNE

Canada

Nova Scotia

Shelburne Co

1970

DIGBY

Canada

Nova Scotia

Digby Co

1923

MAITLAND

Canada

Nova Scotia

Hant's Co

1922

PARRSBOROUGH

Canada

Nova Scotia

Cumberland Co

1912

HOLLAND

Netherlands

1865

CAPETOWN

South Africa

1860

FALMOUTH

Great Britain

England

1833

MIRAMICHI

Canada

New Brunswick

Northumberland Co

1813

NEWPORT

Canada

Nova Scotia

Hant's Co

1790

MOBILE

USA

Alabama

1769

PORTLAND

USA

Maine

1756

 

 

World-wide Birthplace Resource

 

Master mariner and crewmember birthplace locations have similar issues with the coding or transcription of the location field detail.

But less than 3 % of the master mariner and crewmember birthplace records are completely blank! Most have some location information.

The top 10 birthplace locations (out of a total of 1755 unique locations and 304,687 master mariner and crewmember records) info are as follows:

Town (sic)

Country

Region

County

Record Count

LIVERPOOL

Great Britain

England

*

20385

SWEDEN

Sweden

*

*

13533

NORWAY

Norway

*

*

12035

LONDON

Great Britain

England

*

10371

GERMANY

Germany

*

*

9568

YARMOUTH

Canada

Nova Scotia

Yarmouth Co

8945

(none listed)

*

*

*

8440

GLASGOW

Great Britain

Scotland & islands

*

7450

ENGLAND

Great Britain

England

*

6880

FINLAND

Finland

*

*

5906

SAINT JOHN

Canada

New Brunswick

St. John Co

5853

 

The country breakdown gives a little better picture of the breadth of this data. Approximately 40% were born in Great Britain. Approximately 20% were born in Scandinavia or Europe. More than 10 % were born in Canada. Approximately 9% were born in Ireland, 7% in the US and with the rest of the birthplaces distributed throughout the world.

The birthplace breakdown by country/geographic area across the 304,687 master mariner and crewmember records is as follows:

Country/Area

Record Count

Africa

477

Argentina

74

Asia

11

Atlantic Ocean

1

Australia

731

Austro-Hungary

1661

Baltic States

7

Belgium

2129

Bermuda

334

Bolivia

3

Brazil

139

British Guiana

234

British Honduras

7

Bulgaria

6

Burma

22

Canada

42225

Central America

3

Ceylon (Sri Lanka)

40

Chile

516

CHINA

173

Columbia

22

Costa Rica

6

Cyprus

7

Denmark

4703

DIGBY CO.NS

0

Dutch Guiana

21

Ecuador

9

El Salvador

2

ENGLAND

81

Europe

163

Falkland Islands

6

Finland

6295

Foreign (Unknown)

7

FRANCE

4378

Germany

13831

Gibraltar

156

Great Britain

121186

Greece

1458

Guam

1

Guatemala

1

Honduras

8

Hong Kong

65

Iceland

28

India

1010

Indonesia & Malaya

113

INLET

2

IRELAND

27092

ISLE OF WIGHT

6

Israel

5

Italy

2942

JAPAN

365

JAVA

10

Lebanon

3

Liberia

3

Madagascar

3

Malta

611

MARTINIQUE

1

Mexico

119

Middle East

73

Monaco

1

Mozambique

2

Netherlands

3658

NEW ZEALAND

237

Nicaragua

4

North America

693

Norway

12820

Panama

32

Peru

101

Philippines

684

Poland

1180

Portugal

1169

QUEBEC

0

Rumania

25

RUSSIA

1680

Samoa

1

Seychelles

10

South Africa

146

South America

32

Spain

1088

SWEDEN

15773

Switzerland

168

Tahiti

4

Thailand

3

Turkey

193

Uruguay

33

USA

19284

Venezuela

12

Vietnam

1

WALES

0

West Indies

3873

White Sea

11

Yugoslavia

64

Grand Total

304687

 

 

World-wide Route and Port Resource

 

The top ten ports mentioned for voyages on this CD (out of a total of 2086 unique port designations) are as follows:

Port

Country

Region

County

Count

LIVERPOOL

Great Britain

England

*

16172

NEW YORK CITY

USA

New York

*

10872

DUNDALK

Ireland

*

*

10615

CARDIFF

Great Britain

Wales

*

5615

SHINIA WEST AFRICA

Africa

*

*

5252

SAINT JOHN

Canada

New Brunswick

St. John Co

4334

DEMERARA

British Guiana

*

*

3788

SAN JUAN DEL NORTE

NICARA

Nicaragua

*

3401

PHILADELPHIA

USA

Pennsylvania

*

3276

SWANSEA

Great Britain

Wales

*

2726

 

The ports by country with more than 1000 records in the voyage databases shows the relative geographic area of most of the voyages.

Voyage records by Country of Port

Count

Great Britain Total

68470

USA Total

27983

Canada Total

13082

France Total

6927

Spain Total

6657

Ireland Total

6610

West Indies Total

5436

Italy Total

4144

Belgium Total

3893

Brazil Total

3855

Russia Total

3535

India Total

3504

Africa Total

3189

Germany Total

2800

Netherlands Total

2708

Chile Total

2548

Argentina Total

2323

Portugal Total

2146

Australia Total

2073

South Africa Total

1578

Uruguay Total

1503

Peru Total

1201

Gibraltar Total

1095

 

The top ports masters and crewmembers joined (out of 930 unique ports) and were discharged from (out of a total of 1278 unique ports) a voyage in the crew lists on the CD are as follows:

Port

Country

Region

County

Joined Count

Discharged Count

LIVERPOOL

Great Britain

England

*

53080

52201

NEW YORK CITY

USA

New York

*

26116

22519

LONDON

Great Britain

England

*

20694

23764

GLASGOW

Great Britain

Scotland & islands

*

13103

13319

CARDIFF

Great Britain

Wales

*

12407

8777

ANTWERP

Belgium

*

*

11312

11114

SAINT JOHN

Canada

New Brunswick

St. John Co

9416

5027

PHILADELPHIA

USA

Pennsylvania

*

8689

7278

HAVRE

France

*

*

4722

5263

BALTIMORE

USA

Maryland

*

3987

3511

BRISTOL

Great Britain

England

*

2398

3590

DUBLIN

Ireland

*

*

3105

3543

Boston

USA

Massachusetts

*

2899

3206

 

The top 10 residence locations (out of 2070 unique residence locations on the CD) for vessel owners, managing owners and master mariners illustrates that the vessel registries and voyages revolve around businessmen in the Atlantic Province and Great Britain:

YARMOUTH/Canada/Nova Scotia/Yarmouth Co

12815

SAINT JOHN/Canada/New Brunswick/John Co

9168

SAINT JOHN/Canada/New Brunswick/St. John Co

8526

LIVERPOOL/Great Britain/England/*

7853

HALIFAX/Canada/Nova Scotia/Halifax Co

6158

ST JOHNS NFLD/Canada/Newfoundland/*

5690

LONDON/Great Britain/England/*

4181

CHARLOTTETOWN PEI/Canada/Prince Edward Island/Queens Co

3172

WINDSOR/Canada/Nova Scotia/Hant's Co

2604

BARRINGTON/Canada/Nova Scotia/Shelburne Co

2202

GLASGOW/Great Britain/Scotland & islands/*

1706

SUNDERLAND/Great Britain/England/*

1540

WEST HARTLEPOOL/Great Britain/England/*

1366

CORNWALLIS/Canada/Nova Scotia/Annapolis Co

1356

NEWCASTLE/Great Britain/England/*

1320

HULL/Great Britain/England/*

1242

PICTOU/Canada/Nova Scotia/Pictou Co

1201

NEWPORT/Canada/Nova Scotia/Hant's Co

1158

ARGYLE/Canada/Nova Scotia/Yarmouth Co

1092

DORCHESTER/Canada/New Brunswick/Westmoreland Co

1061

 

The top ten vessel registration locations (out of 221 unique locations described) show Atlantic Province registry concentrations:

Top Ten Registration location

Count

HALIFAX/Canada/Nova Scotia/Halifax Co

4721

ST JOHNS NFLD/Canada/Newfoundland/*

2769

SAINT JOHN/Canada/New Brunswick/St. John Co

2157

PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND/Canada/Prince Edward Island/*

1495

YARMOUTH/Canada/Nova Scotia/Yarmouth Co

749

LUNENBURG/Canada/Nova Scotia/Lunenburg Co

684

SYDNEY/Canada/Nova Scotia/Cape Breton Co

654

PICTOU/Canada/Nova Scotia/Pictou Co

393

SHELBURNE/Canada/Nova Scotia/Shelburne Co

375

BERMUDA/Bermuda/*/*

292

 

The top ten vessel closure locations (out of 2105 unique designations) include a large number of transfers to Great Britain from Canada and two categories (Atlantic Ocean North and Newfoundland coast) that also indicate where the vessel was lost rather than sold:

Town

Country

Region

County

Count

HALIFAX

Canada

Nova Scotia

Halifax Co

4036

ST JOHNS NFLD

Canada

Newfoundland

*

2551

SAINT JOHN

Canada

New Brunswick

St. John Co

2251

LIVERPOOL

Great Britain

England

*

2174

NEWFOUNDLAND

Canada

Newfoundland

*

1380

LONDON

Great Britain

England

*

645

ATLANTIC OCEAN NORTH

Atlantic Ocean

*

*

482

BELFAST

Ireland

*

*

386

NEWFOUNDLAND COAST

Canada

Newfoundland

*

330

YARMOUTH

Canada

Nova Scotia

Yarmouth Co

290

 

The top ten locations for where a vessel was built (out of 2030 unique locations - 1470 locations appear in 10 or less records indicating how many places were involved in shipbuilding) are largely from the Atlantic Provinces :

Top Ten Shipbuilding locations

Count

YARMOUTH/Canada/Nova Scotia/Yarmouth Co

963

SAINT JOHN/Canada/New Brunswick/St. John Co

859

PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND/Canada/Prince Edward Island/*

818

SHELBURNE/Canada/Nova Scotia/Shelburne Co

782

LUNENBURG/Canada/Nova Scotia/Lunenburg Co

629

SAINT MARTINS/Canada/New Brunswick/St. John Co

608

LA HAVE/Canada/Nova Scotia/Lunenburg Co

588

BARRINGTON/Canada/Nova Scotia/Shelburne Co

567

BERMUDA/Bermuda/*/*

520

GRANVILLE/Canada/Nova Scotia/Annapolis Co

519

CORNWALLIS/Canada/Nova Scotia/Annapolis Co

501

 

Ships that were sold to foreigner in designated ports as opposed to other Atlantic Province or Great Britain shipowners show the following top ten locations of foreigner ship sales (out of 62 unique locations and 13 country/regional areas) :

Sold into Foreign Location

Count

NORWAY/Norway/*/*

161

FOREIGN (UNKNOWN)/Foreign (Unknown)/*/*

143

FRANCE/France/*/*

104

ITALY/Italy/*/*

25

SWEDEN/Sweden/*/*

17

RUSSIA/Russia/*/*

17

SPAIN/Spain/*/*

13

HOLLAND/Netherlands/*/*

11

ST PIERRE & MIQUELON/France/St. Pierre & Miquelon/*

10

*/Canada/Nova Scotia/Halifax Co

9

LIVERPOOL/Great Britain/England/*

8

 

Layovers in ports along the voyage route sometimes lasted months or longer than the actual sea time of the voyage.

Crewmember discharge information includes when and where they joined and left ships and whether they jumped ship, were prematurely discharged or were ill or died en-route.

While mariner occupations tended to run in families (it is possible to trace migration paths of several generations in a family), some mariners joined a voyage crew apparently to satisfy a short-term employment need or to get to a new home.

 

 

This CD unearths mariner-related occupations, business associations and interim employment you hadn't thought about.

 

Mariners, shipbuilders, shipowners and voyage managing owners are listed in various records with multiple occupations and residences. Crewmembers often had occupations that were not exclusive to mariners. There is also an indication of change in capacity or rank during the voyage for the crewmember database. The actual occupation given in the original records has been coded into broader categories by the transcribers, but the information is specific enough to suggest other research possibilities.

 Occupations categories include -

Merchant, Trader/Dealer, Fisherman, Mariner, Shipowner, Shipbuilder, Shipping Company/Agent, Tradesman-Marine, Tradesman-Non-marine, Farmer/Planter, Professional, Government Official, Other, Master, 1st Mate, 2 nd Mate, 3 rd Mate, Bosun, Engineer, Carpenter, Sailmaker, Cook, Steward, Cook/Steward, Able-bodied Seaman, Ordinary Seaman, Boy, A.B. & Sailmaker, Bosun/Mate, Stewardess, Assistant Steward, Cook & Seaman, Stowaway, Carpenter/Bosun, Carpenter/A.B., Distressed Br. Seaman, Carpenter's Mate, A.B. & Bosun, Acting Master, A.B. Steward, 2nd Mate/Carpenter, Supercargo, Landsman, Trimmer, Painter/Seaman, Assistant Cook, Surgeon, Mate/Pilot, Leading Fireman, Fireman, 2 nd Engineer, 3rd Engineer, Bosun & Sailmaker, Bosun & Lamp Trimmer, Fireman & Trimmer, Donkey Man, 4th Engineer, Apprentice, Deck Hand, Mess Room Steward, Storekeeper, Trimmer (Steamer), Blacksmith, Wages Reduced, Incompetent, Relieved of Duties, Illness, A.B. & Lamp Trimmer, A.B. & Trimmer, Oiler & Greaser, Labourer, A.B. & Donkey Man, Quartermaster, 4th Mate, Lamp Trimmer, Apprentice (Topaz), Purser, Serang, Tindal, Seacunny, Kussab, Lascar, Butler (Lascar), Bhanday, Clerk, Unknown,

Crewmembers who had family on board were typically the cook and steward/stewardesses, frequently a husband and wife with their children, but sometimes you could find a master-mariner or other crewmember with family members on-board.

Farmers/Planters, shipbuilders, merchants, tradesmen, mariners and persons with other occupations like "professional" often devised partnerships or shifted occupations in a seasonal pattern.

Shipbuilders often ran voyages on their own vessels for a while before selling them to a merchant or other business associate.

It is possible to trace related party transactions through the ship registration official numbers and master mariner certificates of competency, even if the vessel names were recorded or transcribed differently. The ship registration numbers remained with the vessel even if it was sold or transferred to a new port. Official numbers were initiated by the Merchant Shipping Act of 1854. Some vessel registrations on the CD prior to this date were assigned official numbers based on the subsequent official number assignments by the record transcribers. The Competency number of the master mariners include designations for Imperial, Colonial and "Official Certificate".

 

 

CD Hints from Voyage Patterns May Point to Other Research Resources

 

Atlantic Province ports provided some of the earliest fishing, trade and migration hubs. This is explicitly reflected in the data on this CD by the ports visited on these voyages.

The geographic description of the voyages on this CD include designations for North Atlantic, West Indies, Mediterranean, South America, West Coast, South America, East Coast, North Atlantic & West Indies, Indian Ocean, Europe - British Isles, Africa - South of Sahara, North America Coastal - East, Coast, World Voyage, British Coastal, Europe/South & North , America, U.S. Gulf, Europe/South & North , America/West Indies, East Indies, North Atlantic/Baltic/West , Indies, Oceania, Baltic, North America/West Coast, Red Sea, Mediterranean & North , Atlantic, Africa & North Atlantic, Baltic & North Atlantic, Black Sea, European Coastal, Pacific Rim, Australia, Barents Sea, Africa - North of Sahara, Barents Sea & Baltic and Voyage abandoned.

Canadian ports often sent raw materials such as grain, lumber, fish, gypsum to other ports and returned with finished goods or passengers, including many of the early Irish on their return to Canada.

Some ports were not accessible for part of the year when seasonal hazards like winter freezing or hurricanes occurred. Critical trade needs took alternate routes. So did passengers.

Mariner's pay amounts, currency and whether they received a pay advance are included in the Master and crewmember databases. These items are important clues to where other records may be found for the transactions involving these payments - including the possibility that large advances indicated a "trusting" relationship and were given to the family members for their support while the mariner was away.

Master mariners and crewmember records indicate whether they came in a group from another ship or voyage. By process of deduction, you may look at the order the crewmembers signed on and determine the likely members of that "company" of associated mariners.

Master mariner and subordinate crewmember records also indicate what the registry of the last ship was for each mariner (when that information was available). This field includes last ship registry for the following categories:

first ship, same ship, Yarmouth NS, New Brunswick , Prince Edward Island , Newfoundland, Quebec, British North America, British, English, Wales, Scottish, Irish, USA, New England, Mid-Atlantic (USA), French, Belgian, Dutch, German, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Finnish, Russian, Spain, Portugal, Italy, Greece, Foreign, other British colonial, Jersey, Icelandic, Austrian, Peruvian, Australian, New Zealand, British West Indies, Japanese, Brazil, Uruguay, Naval Ship, Polish, Argentinian, St. John NB, Halifax NS, Indian, Chinese, Mexican, African, Chile, Windsor NS

Even if the fate of a particular mariner is not explicitly included in the CD, you may find clues for additional research by date and port location. Ship registries indicate the disposition of the vessel when the registration is terminated in the following categories:

No longer Exists/No Information Available, Sold to Foreigners, Transferred to a New Port, Registered de novo, Condemned/Condemned as Unseaworthy, Condemned and Broken up, Condemned and Sold, Condemned, Repaired and Sold, Wrecked, Burnt/Destroyed by Fire/Blown-Up, Abandoned at Sea, Lost at Sea, Broken Up, Wrecked and Sold, Stranded, Dismantled and Sold as a Hulk, Collided at Sea and Sunk, No longer Exists/No Information Available, Sold to Foreigners, Transferred to a New Port, Registered de novo, Condemned/Condemned as Unseaworthy, Condemned and Broken up, Condemned and Sold, Condemned, Repaired and Sold, Wrecked, Burnt/Destroyed by Fire/Blown-Up, Abandoned at Sea, Lost at Sea, Broken Up, Wrecked and Sold, Stranded, Dismantled and Sold as a Hulk, Collided at Sea and Sunk, Blown Out to Sea/Cast Away, Foundered at Sea, Lost at Sea and Restored to Registry at a New Port, Lost at Sea and Re-Registered, Missing/Not Heard of Again/Disappeared, Wrecked and Restored to Registry, Sunk, Lost per Annual List, Omitted per Annual List, Supposed to Have Been Lost/Lost Many Years Ago, Condemned and Transferred, Seized/Captured, Worn Out, Sold to the King.,

Crewmember discharge information includes these categories:

Did Not Join, Remained, Deserted Before Sailing, Discharged Before Sailing, Discharged at End of Voyage, Discharged With Mutual, Consent, Discharged, in Jail, Discharged, Sick, Discharged, Incompetent, Deserted, Died, Fell From Loft, Fell Overboard & Drowned, Died of Disease, Transferred to Another Vessel, Unspecified Accidental Death, Discharged, Vessel Wrecked, Left Ashore, Discharged, Court Order, Joined Navy, Discharged, Promoted, , Discharged, Vessel Sold, Deserted, Vessel Had, Accident, Discharged, Demoted, Crew members Refused to, Proceed, Discharged, Voyage, Abandoned, Death From Personal Violence, Vessel Condemned, Removed by Consul, , Fell From Loft, Fell Overboard & Drowned, Died of Disease, Transferred to Another Vessel, Unspecified Accidental Death, Discharged, Vessel Wrecked, Left Ashore, Discharged, Court Order, Joined Navy, Discharged, Promoted, , Discharged, Vessel Sold, Deserted, Vessel Had, Accident, Discharged, Demoted, Crew members Refused to, Proceed, Discharged, Voyage, Abandoned, Death From Personal Violence, Vessel Condemned, Removed by Consul

 

 

Coverage of Records by Database Type

 

The purpose of the database creation was a study of Canadian port shipping patterns. Many types of records were combined. The databases with the "RS" suffix are samples from other British port voyages used to calculate statistical patterns. The general contents my be described as follows:

Database Type

Number of Records

Coverage Note

Crews

182,661

*1

CrewsRS

85,694

*2

Masters

20,690

*1

MasterRS

19,392

*2

Voyages

18,590

*1

VoyagesRS

18,811

*2

Ports

33,075

*1

PortsRS

55,002

*2

Owner

79,681

*3

VesReg

44,685

*3

Total Records

558,281

 

Coverage Notes:

*1 Atlantic Canada Crew Agreements 1863-1914 for vessels registered in Saint John, New Brunswick; Yarmouth, Windsor and Halifax, Nova Scotia:

Crew agreements of vessels registered in the ports of Saint John, New Brunswick; Yarmouth, Windsor and Halifax, Nova Scotia includes managing owners, owners, shipbuilders, merchants, investors, masters and subordinate mariners with previous and current voyage, crewmember companion info, plus birthplace and age, (and certificates of competency and residence for masters, residence and occupation info for managing owners and owners) as well as dates, vessels, and voyage port routes.

*2 Random Sample of non-Canadian Vessel Registries and Voyages

A one per cent sample of crew agreements from non-Canadian (British) vessels with the same type of information as in note *1.

*3 Atlantic Canada Vessel Registry Coverage spanning 1787 to 1936

Atlantic Canada ports vessel registries include vessel names and dimensions; who, when and where built the vessel; owners' occupations, partners and residences; as well as prior and subsequent owner clues for vessel registries in

Miramichi 1828-1914, Richibucto 1880-1914 and Saint John 1820-1914 in New Brunswick;

Halifax 1812-1889, Sydney 1820-1914, Pictou 1840-1914, Windsor 1849-1914 and Yarmouth 1840-1914 in Nova Scotia;

Charlottetown 1787-1914, Prince Edward Island;

and St. John's 1820-1936, Newfoundland,

as well as shipping registers for the port of Bermuda.

 

 

CD Location Field Groups by Database and Record Type

 

The location fields are organized into 4 fields for town, county, region and country designations. Record Group categories indicate an event that occurred at that location. Information for all 4 fields was not always available in the original records. There are some indications that towns like Liverpool, England and Liverpool, Nova Scotia have been erroneously entered in the original records or misinterpreted and transcribed erroneously on the CD. In some cases, the country or region or county is repeated in the town field, but most records contain some information in one or more of the location groups.

 

Record Group

Number of Records

Database containing the Record Group

BirthPlace

308,437

Crews & RS, Masters & RS

Last Discharge Place

268,355

Crews & RS

Place Joined

268,355

Crews & RS

Discharge Place

308,437

Crews & RS, Masters & RS

Residence

119,763

Masters & RS, Owners

Last Ship Discharge

40,082

Masters & RS

Master Joined

40,082

Masters & RS

Vessel Registered

44,685

VesReg

Constructed

44,685

VesReg

Sold Place

44,685

VesReg

Vessel Closure

44,685

VesReg

Ports

88,077

Ports & RS

Managing Owner Residence

37,401

Voyages & RS

Destination Intended

37,401

Voyages & RS

Port Commenced

37,401

Voyages & RS

Port Terminated

37,401

Voyages & RS

Total

1,769,932

 

A tally of unique locations was done where all 4 fields (town, county, region and country) are compared exactly as transcribed in the database. There are a large number of repeated locations in all the record groups. Roughly one third of all location record groups are completely blank, but these blanks are primarily in the Random Sample from British ports databases and the ports Joined and Discharged location groups. In all cases, there are a large number of location concentrations.

Record Group

No of Records

Unique Locations

% of total records

BirthPlace

308437

1755

00.6%

Built

44685

2030

04.5%

Closure

44685

2105

04.7%

Discharged

616874

1275

00.2%

Joined

308437

930

00.3%

Ports

200280

2086

01.0%

Registered

44685

221

00.5%

Residence

157164

2070

01.3%

Sold

44685

62

00.1%

Totals

1769932

12534

00.7%

 

However, when unique location designations are compared across all location field groups and databases, there are a total of 5,249 unique locations. So what kind of locations are these and which ones are most frequently mentioned across the entire contents of the CD?

There are more than 4,400 unique locations that are mentioned in less than 100 records each, but 3,000 of those unique locations are mentioned in 10 or less records, 1010 of those unique locations are mentioned in ONLY one record.

The small number of unique vessel registration and sold locations is due to the small number of ports used for vessel registry records.

The residence group (for master mariners, managing owners and owners) and the vessel built and closure groups are concentrated in Atlantic Province and Great Britain towns, but has a high concentration of town name location detail, as opposed to just the country or region.

Most voyage records have at least the vessel name, owners managing owners and master mariners.

Many voyage records did not have crewmember detail. Crewmember info for the ports where they were Discharged or Joined has a large number of blanks indicating missing data in the records, so there are significantly less ports detailed in these categories than all the ports covered by the voyage records.

However, birthplace locations have a relatively small number of complete blanks in all 4 location fields of the record group. The country or region designation is the most frequent category.

 

 

Sample of Atlantic Canada Vessel Crewmembers Unique Birthplace and Surname Distributions

 

Master mariners and crewmembers make up approximately two-thirds of the total CD records. A blind categorization by exact matches in the surname and birthplace location groups produces the following statistics:

Database

Crews

CrewsRS

Total Records

182,661

85,694

Unique Surnames

The Crew database has a high count of records for the surnames Smith (3,105) and Brown (2,354)

48,473

26.5%

18,270

21.3%

Unique BirthPlace Town

1,310

0.7%

1,000

1.2%

Null Names

6

0.0%

1

0.0%

Null BirthPlace

5,080

2.8%

2,811

3.3%

Unique Name+BP

95,708

52.4%

37,449

43.7%

Masters

MasterRS

Total Records

20,690

19,392

Unique Surnames

1,572

7.6%

2,188

11.3%

Unique BirthPlace Towns

416

2.0%

442

2.3%

Null Names

2

0.0%

3

0.0%

Null BirthPlace

762

3.7%

453

2.3%

Unique Name+BP

2,734

13.2%

3,544

18.3%

 

 

Sample of Birthplace Statistics by Country, Region, County and Town

 

Not all ports of registry and voyages for the Atlantic Provinces are covered, and yet the Atlantic Province crew list database specifies birthplaces for mariners from 67 countries.

The following statistics are a sample of less than half the records on the CD. From 182,661 records of the Atlantic Canada crew record database, there are crewmembers who reported their birthplace country as follows:

 

Country of birth Crewmember records for that country

Country of birth

Crewmember records for that country

Africa

339

Japan

370

Argentina

50

Liberia

1

Asia

11

Madagascar

3

Australia

407

Malta

314

Austro-Hungary

1275

Mexico

106

Baltic States

4

Middle East

19

Belgium

1528

Mozambique

2

Bermuda

272

Netherlands

3109

Bolivia

3

New Zealand

129

Brazil

119

Nicaragua

4

British Guiana

177

North America

440

British Honduras

7

Norway

10786

Burma

12

Panama

28

Canada

24732

Peru

80

Central America

3

Philippines

600

Ceylon (Sri Lanka)

13

Poland

822

Chile

440

Portugal

992

China

118

Rumania

6

Columbia

21

Russia

1335

Costa Rica

5

Samoa

1

Cyprus

3

Seychelles

10

Denmark

3587

South Africa

94

Dutch Guiana

21

South America

21

Ecuador

6

Spain

853

El Salvador

2

Sweden

12833

Europe

147

Switzerland

110

Falkland Islands

5

Tahiti

2

Finland

5558

Thailand

3

Foreign (Unknown)

6

Turkey

94

France

3808

Uruguay

32

Germany

11439

USA

19295

Gibraltar

116

Venezuela

12

Great Britain

46776

Vietnam

1

Greece

740

West Indies

3206

Guam

1

White Sea

1

Guatemala

1

Yugoslavia

41

Honduras

8

 

 

Hong Kong

57

 

 

Iceland

26

 

 

India

159

 

 

Indonesia & Malaya

97

 

 

Ireland

17580

 

 

Italy

2399

 

 

 

Approximately 5,000 the Atlantic Province crewlist records are missing birthplace information, but the majority of records contain at least the country of origin.

The large distribution North America, Great Britain, Scandinavia and European countries is not surprising, but the broad representation of worldwide countries of origin is an indication of the voyage port coverage.

Where specified, the regions listed in the Atlantic Province crewlist records have the following distribution, totaling just 63 unique states, provinces and areas within countries:

  

Birthplace Region

Record count

Birthplace Region

Record count

England

31479

Ohio

107

Nova Scotia

15568

Sicily

103

Scotland & islands

11480

Isle of Wright

81

New Brunswick

6450

Florida

72

New York

5288

Alabama

71

Massachusetts

3201

Texas

71

Wales

2653

New Hampshire

67

US coast, Hawaii

2217

Michigan

63

Pennsylvania

1840

Vermont

48

Maine

1532

Azores

47

Maryland

1138

Madeira

46

Newfoundland

969

Wisconsin

34

Prince Edward Island

793

Kentucky

33

Quebec

771

Alaska

30

Channel Islands

767

Washington (State)

27

Virginia

722

Oregon

27

Louisiana

427

Iowa

21

Cape Verde Islands

380

Missouri

17

California

323

British Columbia

15

South Carolina

316

Mississippi

13

Isle of Man

316

New Mexico

11

Rhode Island

287

Indiana

9

Connecticut

238

Kansas

9

Canary Islands

225

Tennessee

9

New Jersey

214

South Island

5

Delaware

187

Arkansas

5

Illinois

170

St. Pierre & Miquelon

4

Ontario

166

Western Europe

3

North Carolina

165

Eastern Europe

1

Georgia

160

Chekiang

1

Washington DC

126

Sardinia

1

 

Birthplace county information in the Atlantic Province crewlist records is often missing and there are some transcription categories for an area other than county, but the distribution for those records it does occur in totals 48 unique county/area names:

Birthplace county

Record count

Birthplace county

Record count

Yarmouth Co

4389

Inverness Co

59

St. John Co

4286

York Co

57

Hant's Co

2646

Gloucester Co

47

Halifax Co

1781

Restigouche Co

45

Pictou Co

873

Guysborough Co

42

Digby Co

778

Antigonish Co

34

Annapolis Co

591

Conception Bay

29

Cape Breton Co

489

Carleton Co

17

Cumberland Co

465

Sunbury Co

11

Westmoreland Co

438

Trinity Bay

9

Colchester Co

425

Victoria Co

7

King's Co

352

West Coast

5

Shelburne Co

270

Otago Harbour

5

Charlotte Co

269

South Coast

5

Northumberland Co

264

Bonavista Bay

1

Queen's Co

241

Cagliari (port)

1

Albert Co

185

Fortune Bay

1

Kent Co

145

St. Mary's Bay

1

Kings Co

132

Placentia Bay

1

Chicago (port)

126

Labrador

1

Madawaska Co

91

Notre Dame Bay

1

Lunenburg Co

91

Great Northern Pen

1

Richmond Co

72

Ningpo (city)

1

Queens Co

59

 

 

 

Birthplace unique town entries total approximately 1300 unique entries in the Atlantic Province crewlist records, but a large number of records simply repeat the country name or have country, region or county information appended to the town name. So the actual number of records that contain unique town name detail is much smaller. The following table lists the 200 town entries that are listed in 50 or more records.

 

Birthplace Town

Record count

Birthplace Town

Record count

SWEDEN

11548

GUERNSEY

153

NORWAY

10455

MEMEL RUSSIA

152

LIVERPOOL

10331

SLIGO

151

GERMANY

8074

CAERNARVON

151

FINLAND

5277

MIRAMICHI

147

LONDON

5162

AYR

147

NEW YORK CITY

4811

CHATHAM

144

YARMOUTH

4432

CHESTER

142

SAINT JOHN

4173

SOUTH SHIELDS

142

ENGLAND

3533

RICHIBUCTO

142

DUBLIN

3287

HORTON

140

DENMARK

2922

QUEBEC

139

BELFAST

2783

DUMFRIES

137

SHETLANDS

2463

PENZANCE

137

IRELAND

2386

WICKLOW

136

BOSTON

2373

BRIGHTON

128

FRANCE

2339

DELAWARE

128

UNITED STATES

2156

SHELBURNE

128

GLASGOW

2117

SHIELDS

126

HAMBURG

1768

WASHINGTON, DC

126

SCOTLAND

1714

CHICAGO

126

HALIFAX

1678

DOVER

125

NOVA SCOTIA

1650

NORTH CAROLINA

123

PHILADELPHIA

1637

NAPLES

123

BRISTOL

1621

BATH

123

WINDSOR

1573

ESSEX

122

HOLLAND

1557

CONNECTICUT

121

CORK

1410

ST ANDREWS

121

AUSTRO-HUNGARY

1274

DORCHESTER

119

BALTIMORE

1157

KINGSTON

118

WATERFORD

1152

EUROPE

117

ANTWERP

950

CALIFORNIA

117

PLYMOUTH

942

GIBRALTAR

116

LONDONDERRY

932

VALPARAISO

116

ITALY

902

PRESTON

115

GREENOCK

879

MONTROSE

115

WEXFORD

816

ANTRIM

114

MANCHESTER

794

MARYLAND

113

PICTOU

791

TRURO

113

TRIESTE

786

YORK

111

RUSSIA

781

FLEETWOOD

110

ROTTERDAM

754

CARRICK FERGUS

110

DUNDEE

726

CARDIGAN

110

QUEENSTOWN

725

SWITZERLAND

110

PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND

712

WARRENPOINT

110

LIMERICK

638

STORNOWAY

109

MAINE

634

NORTH SHIELDS

108

AMSTERDAM

626

MARTINIQUE

108

GREECE

623

ARDROSSAN

105

JAMAICA

618

NEW ROSS

105

JERSEY

614

PASSAGE WEST

104

COPENHAGEN

614

CHINA

103

STOCKHOLM

583

KINSALE

103

GOTHENBURG

576

LEEDS

102

WALES

575

SAVANNAH

102

NEWPORT

553

EASTPORT

100

HULL

549

BARRINGTON

99

BREMEN

549

BREST

96

BARBADOS

530

FREEPORT

95

ABERDEEN

530

HOLSTEIN

95

CARDIFF

501

ARKLOW

93

BELGIUM

500

COLCHESTER

92

SPAIN

492

MEXICO

90

HAVRE

492

ARBROATH

90

NEWFOUNDLAND

486

LANCASTER

90

SYDNEY

482

NEW ZEALAND

88

MANILA

457

MILFORD

86

BRITISH NORTH AMERICA

428

NEW BEDFORD

83

ST JOHNS NFLD

426

BRAZIL

82

MAITLAND

425

OHIO STATE

82

EDINBURGH

421

KINGSTOWN

81

SWANSEA

415

DOUGLAS

81

VIRGINIA

411

ARGYLE

81

MASSACHUSETTS

407

MELBOURNE

81

NEW ORLEANS

401

HOPEWELL

81

PORTSMOUTH

398

ORKNEY ISLANDS

79

NEW BRUNSWICK

398

SIERRA LEONE

79

STETTIN

374

RHODE ISLAND

78

DANTZIG

358

WOLFVILLE

77

JAPAN

351

ST KITTS

77

GENOA

350

ROSTOCK

77

WEST INDIES

346

MARYPORT

76

PORTLAND

338

SANTA CRUZ

76

DIGBY

332

DARTMOUTH

75

DROGHEDA

316

NANTES

74

CAPE VERDE ISLANDS

315

APPLEDORE

73

MALTA

314

PUGWASH

73

SUNDERLAND

314

FLUSHING

72

NEWRY

314

ATHENS

72

CHILE

313

WILMINGTON

71

HANTSPORT

313

BRIXHAM

71

CAPE BRETON ISLAND

313

WESTPORT

71

FALMOUTH

311

BUFFALO

70

MONTREAL

305

PAISLEY

70

SOUTHAMPTON

305

CARLISLE

69

HANOVER

303

SALEM

69

QUEBEC CITY

298

ISLE OF WIGHT

68

NEWCASTLE

295

NOTTINGHAM

68

GLOUCESTER

294

SHEFFIELD

67

RIGA

290

PEMBROKE

67

YOUGHAL

274

RICHMOND VA.

66

WEYMOUTH

273

NORWICH

65

NASSAU

272

ANGLESEA

65

GALWAY

262

WHITBY

64

CHRISTIANA

261

SOUTH CAROLINA

64

PORTUGAL

261

GRANVILLE

63

BERMUDA

261

LARNE

63

PARRSBOROUGH

251

PORTAFERRY

63

CHARLESTON

246

HARTLEPOOL

63

ISLE OF MAN

245

PHILIPPINES

63

LEITH

243

POOLE

62

BANGOR

241

PERTH

62

ANNAPOLIS

237

FIFE CO.

62

BIRMINGHAM

235

ST LUCIA

62

LISBON

234

BARROW

61

DUNGARVAN

221

PORT GLASGOW

61

CORNWALLIS

215

TRINIDAD

61

SACKVILLE

210

DONEGAL

60

AUSTRALIA

208

LEGHORN

60

BROOKLYN

203

CUMBERLAND

60

SAN FRANCISCO

202

NEW HAVEN

59

BORDEAUX

200

SAINT MARTINS

59

MAURITIUS

197

HILLSBOROUGH

59

WHITEHAVEN

197

BANFF

58

DEVON

197

AFRICA

58

INVERNESS

196

BRADFORD

57

DUNKIRK

195

HONG KONG

57

NEW JERSEY

189

SHARPNESS

56

BIRKENHEAD

188

WIGTOWN

56

LERWICK

187

POLAND

55

MARSEILLES

185

OSTEND

55

KENT

185

PETERHEAD

55

NORFOLK

185

KRISTIANSAND

55

CORNWALL

182

ST STEPHEN

55

PROVIDENCE

182

SHEDIAC

54

ST THOMAS

181

ABERYSTWITH

54

ANTIGUA

177

DEVONPORT

54

PENNSYLVANIA

176

CALAIS

53

DUNDALK

175

GERMANY-NORTH

53

BERGEN

170

LYNN

53

IPSWICH

168

RICHMOND

52

BREMERHAVEN

166

TROON

51

DEMERARA

165

WICK

51

EXETER

163

DUMBARTON

51

ST VINCENT

163

MIDDLESBROUGH

51

HELGOLAND

161

NEWBURY (PORT)

51

HOLYHEAD

160

SINGAPORE

51

BRIDGEWATER

157

CORFU

51

ST HELENA

155

ECONOMY

51

 

 

HARWICH

50

 

 

SUFFOLK

50

Canadian, Irish and Italian mariner index reports! Cross-referenced index collection for mid 19th century to early 20th century crew members on Atlantic Canada and British registry ships. Crew members and master mariners gave their age and birth locations when they signed on to these voyages that spanned the world. These index collections are reference tools for the largest database of voyage records available on CD - the "Ships & Seafarers of Atlantic Canada" produced by the Memorial University of Newfoundland. Approximately 50,000 records of the total 500,000 record collection show mariner birthplaces in Canada. There are more than 17,000 unique surname, first name and birth place combinations for mariners who said they were born in Ireland. Over 3,000 records show Italian birthplaces. Individual index reports for Canada, Ireland and Italy birthplaces are now available - showing surname, given name, calculated birth year, province/region, county, town and database record counts. Sign up for our newsletter if you would like an alert for the upcoming Scots, British, US, French and other birthplace index releases.

http://www.Genealogyfair.com/MarinerIndexes.htm

Return to the Boston States Migration Page at http://bostonstates.rootsweb.com/index.htm

 

Sponsor graphic Copyright 2000 Sharon Varnum Sergeant ssergeant@usa.net